Who is Tahawwur Rana, the 26/11 Mumbai attacks plotter, whose extradition to India drags on?

India has sought Pakistan-born Canadian Tahawwur Hussain Rana’s extradition to face trial in the Mumbai 26/11 attacks

Who is Tahawwur Rana, the 26/11 Mumbai attacks plotter, whose extradition to India drags on?

Pakistani-origin Canadian businessman Tahawwur Rana is believed to be childhood pals with David Headley — a mastermind of the 26/11 terror attacks. PTI

In November 2008, India was shaken to its core when 10 Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists carried out a sequence of attacks, lasting 4 days, throughout Mumbai. The sequence of shootings and bombings, which got here to be often called 26/11 attacks, drew widespread international condemnation after a complete of 175 folks died, together with 9 attackers, and greater than 300 have been wounded.

Cut to 2022, and India nonetheless awaits justice as a US courtroom is but to take a choice on the extradition of Pakistani-origin Canadian businessman Tahawwur Rana — who has been alleged of being a key plotter of the 26/11 attacks in Mumbai.

As we proceed to await the US District Court’s verdict on Rana’s extradition to India, we take a more in-depth take a look at who he is and the way the authorities has been making an attempt to get him on Indian soil so as to strive him for his crimes.

Who is Tahawwur Rana?

Rana, 60, studied at the Hasan Abdal Cadet School in Pakistan, following which he served as a physician in the Pakistan Army. It has been learnt that whereas at school he turned pals with a sure David Headley — also called Daood Gilani — who was later convicted of planning the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks.

Rana then moved to Canada in 1997, and was finally granted Canadian citizenship.

He later established a consultancy agency known as First World Immigration Services in Chicago. As per investigations, it was a department of this Business in Mumbai that offered Headley with the good cowl to establish and survey potential targets for the LeT.

In October 2009, he was arrested by American police on the expenses of plotting the 26/11 assault.

Based off of Headley’s assertion, Rana was sentenced to 14 years in jail, adopted by 5 years of supervised launch.

How Rana helped Headley for 26/11

After his arrest, Rana admitted to realizing that the LeT was a terrorist organisation and that his ‘childhood friend’ David Headley had attended coaching camps that the group operated in Pakistan.

As per a US doc, Headley had obtained directions from Lashkar in late 2005 to journey to India and conduct surveillance. The doc provides that in early 2006 Headley then together with two Lashkar members mentioned opening an immigration workplace in Mumbai as a canopy for his actions.

US authorities have acknowledged that Headley then knowledgeable Rana of his task and so they determined that they might use Rana’s First World Office as a canopy.

“Rana then directed an individual associated with First World to prepare documents supporting Headley’s cover story and advised Headley how to obtain a visa for travel to India, according to Headley’s testimony, as well as e-mails and other documents that corroborated his account,” it mentioned.

Rana additionally offered monetary assist to Headley, paying him Rs 67,605 in October 2006, $500 in November 2006, Rs 17,636 a number of days later, and $1,000 in December 2006.

Who is Tahawwur Rana the 2611 Mumbai attacks plotter whose extradition to India drags on

In 2021, the extradition of Tahawwur Rana started in in the courtroom of Magistrate Judge Jacqueline Chooljian in Los Angeles. AP

Extradition to India

In June 2020, Rana was re-arrested in Los Angeles on an extradition request by India for his involvement in the Mumbai terror attacks, quickly after he had been launched from jail on well being grounds.

In July 2021, the United States administration requested a federal courtroom in Los Angeles to extradite Pakistani-origin Canadian terrorist Tahawwur Rana to India.

This was opposed by Rana arguing that he has beforehand been acquitted of the offences for which his extradition is sought.

In a submission earlier than the US District Court, Central District of California in Los Angeles, the Biden administration, nevertheless, argued that the extradition request filed by Indians have essential proof on every of the prison expenses for which India seeks Rana’s extradition.

The submissions to the courtroom by the Biden administration mentioned that based mostly on the proof submitted by India, Tahawwur Rana dedicated fraud in opposition to the Indian authorities by means of the creation and submission of cast paperwork.

Extradition course of

India has signed an extradition treaty with the US. According to the US-India treaty, extradition shall not be granted if the offence for which extradition is requested is a political offence.

The treaty additionally states that each one requests for extradition shall be submitted by means of the diplomatic channel and be supported by required paperwork, statements, data describing the details of the offense, statements of the related provisions of the regulation relating to the offense in addition to the punishment, a duplicate of the warrant or the order of arrest, and such data as would justify the committal for trial of the particular person in the requested state.

In 2018, the Ministry of External Affairs had mentioned that it had been in a position to safe the return of 66 fugitives since 2002 — 9 of them from the US.

With inputs from companies

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